Federal Character Principle And Its Implication On Manpower Utilization: An Analysis Of Recruitment Exercise At The Federal Capital Development Authority (fcda)

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ABSTRACT
This research project examined the federal character principle and it’s implication on manpower utilization with emphasis on recruitment process at the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA). In view of the above, the researcher investigated how public recruitment is carried out and how the federal character principle is applied in all public organization.
The research methodology used, consist of random sampling technique, both primary and secondary source of data collection were used. Questionnaires were administered to some of the staff of FCDA, hypothesis were formulated and tested with the use of Chi-square to asses the implication of federal character principle on manpower utilization with emphasis on recruitment process in their organization (FCDA). Finally recommendations were made on the way forward in actualizing an effective and useful application of the federal character principle in the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) and the civil / public service at large.
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE …………………………………………………………………………………. i
CERTIFICATION ………………………………………………………………………….. ii
APPROVAL PAGE …………………………………………………………………………. iii
DEDICATION ………………………………………………………………………………..   iv
ACKNOWLEDGMENT …………………………………………………………………..   v-vi
ABSTRACT ……………………………………………………………………………………   vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS ……………………………………………………………….. viii - ix
 
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY………………………………….………1-3
1.2  STATEMENT OF PROBLEM …………………………………………..……3-4
1.3  OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY …………………………………………….…4-5
1.4  SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY …………………………………………5
1.5  RESEARCH QUESTIONS …………………………………………………….5-6
1.6  RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS ……………………………………………………6
1.7  SCOPE OF THE STUDY ……………………………………………………….7
1.8  THEORETICAL FRAME WORK …………………………………………….7-12
1.9  DEFINITION OF TERMS …………………………………………………….12-13
REFERENCE …………………………………………………………………………………14
 
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 FEDERALISM AND THE FEDERAL STRUCTURE OF NIGERIA …15-17
2.2 THE FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE …………………………………17-20
2.3.1 THE FEDERAL CHARACTER COMMISSION ………………………………20
2.3.2 COMPOSITION AND POWER OF THE COMMISSION ………………20-21
2.3.3 EXAMINATION OF THE POWERS OF THE COMMISSION ………21-26
2.3.4 THE ENFORCEMENT POWER OF THE POWER OF THE COMMISSION …26-28
2.4 MANPOWER UTILIZATION ……………………………………………………………28-30
2.5 THE DEPARTMENT OF AN ORGANIZATION …………………………………31
2.6.0 DEPARTMENTAL ORGANIZATION IN NIGERIA ……………………………31-32
2.6.1 THE POLITICAL HEAD ……………………………………………………………………32-33
2.6.2   THE MINISTRY’S SECRETARIAT AND THE ATTACHED OFFICES …33-34
2.6.3 THE ATTACHED OFFICES ………………………………………………………………35
2.6.4 FEATURES OF A GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT ……………………………36
2.7 AREA OF STUDY ……………………………………………………………………………37
2.7.1 THE CREATION ………………………………………………………………………………37
2.7.2 FCDA ORGANIGRAM ………………………………………………………………………38
2.7.3 THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE FEDERAL CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (FCDA) ……………………………………………………………………39-40
REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………………41
CHAPTERS: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………………………42-43
3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN ……………………………………………………………….. 43
3.3 POPULATION OF THE STUDY ……………………………………………….. 43
3.4 SAMPLE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUES ………………………………… 44
3.5 SOURCE OF DATA COLLECTION ……………………………………………… 44-45
3.6 INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION …………………………………… 45
3.7 VALIDATION AND RELIABILITY OF INSTRUMENT ……………………45
3.8 METHOD OF ANALYSIS …………………………………………………………………46
REFERENCES …………………………………………………............................47
 
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………………48
4.2 SECTION A: PERSONAL DATA …………………………………………………….48-52
4.3 SECTION B: QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES ……………………………… 52-60
4.4 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS …………………………………………………………… 60-65
 
CHAPTER FIVE:
5.1 SUMMARY ……………………………………………………………………………..66-67
5.2   CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………………………67-68
5.3 RECOMMENDATION ………………………………………………………………68-69
BIBLIOGRAPHY ………………………………………………………………………… 70-72
APPENDIX I LETTER OF RESPONDENTS …………………………………………… 73
APPENDIX II QUESTIONNAIRE ………………………………………………………….74-76
 
INTRODUCTION
Today in Nigeria the use of federal character principle has became an instrument for recruitment into federal, state and local government civil service. In most federal system of government, the major issue is usually that of resources sharing among the federal units at horizontal and vertical level.
According to Elaigwu (1992) where the sharing arrangements are working well, there are less agitations and citizens have a felling of belonging and equity. On the other hand, where the sharing principle is not working well. The citizen agitates and makes all sorts of demands such as call for national conference, etc. However, in Nigeria, after a series of debate in  1975 the constitutional drafting committee was set up which established federal character commission as a body charge  with  the responsibility of implementing the federal character principle in order to ensured equitable sharing of posts in the public services. This was also enshrined in the 1999 federal constitution of federal republic of Nigeria.
The federal character principles as enshrined in the constitution of Nigeria is to ensure equitable distributions of bureaucratic and political posts in the  public service of federal,  states and local government levels. The objectives of the policy is to foster national unity and give every Nigerian a sense of belonging among other in the country. The federal character principle which is implemented under the federal character commission is therefore designed, initiated to correct adverse impact resulting from opportunities and resources provided by the federal government to the citizens of the country that appears neutral but have a discriminatory effect on a protected group. The federal character principle is therefore, empowered to ensure strong and indivisible nation based on justice and fairness, while also ensuring that the sense of belonging of all Nigerians is still maintained. As laudable as the above policy maybe, and the empowerments of the concept in the nation’s constitution, its application has remain a debatable topic to which some critics have claimed that the policy comprise the merit system which will create an enabling environment for those that are only qualify employed into the Nigerian civil service, thereby fostering quality service rendering for the development of the country. Therefore it is important to note that, efficient manpower utilization is determined through effective credible recruitment.
However, this research work is centered on the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) as the case study. The Federal Capital Development Authority is responsible for the general administration of the federal capital territory, Abuja and its environment. The selection of manpower potentials into the administration of Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) will in no doubt have great impact on the achievement of set objectives of the establishment.
Thus, this research work will analyses the implication of federal character on manpower utilization in the recruitment of personal in the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA), Abuja based on the federal character commission been the commission established to implement federal character principle in Nigeria.

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(2014, 08). Federal Character Principle And Its Implication On Manpower Utilization: An Analysis Of Recruitment Exercise At The Federal Capital Development Authority (fcda).. ProjectStoc.com. Retrieved 08, 2014, from https://projectstoc.com/read/2632/federal-character-principle-and-its-implication-on-manpower-utilization-an-analysis-of-recruitment-exercise-at-the-federal-capital-development-authority-fcda-718
"Federal Character Principle And Its Implication On Manpower Utilization: An Analysis Of Recruitment Exercise At The Federal Capital Development Authority (fcda)." ProjectStoc.com. 08 2014. 2014. 08 2014 <https://projectstoc.com/read/2632/federal-character-principle-and-its-implication-on-manpower-utilization-an-analysis-of-recruitment-exercise-at-the-federal-capital-development-authority-fcda-718>.
"Federal Character Principle And Its Implication On Manpower Utilization: An Analysis Of Recruitment Exercise At The Federal Capital Development Authority (fcda).." ProjectStoc.com. ProjectStoc.com, 08 2014. Web. 08 2014. <https://projectstoc.com/read/2632/federal-character-principle-and-its-implication-on-manpower-utilization-an-analysis-of-recruitment-exercise-at-the-federal-capital-development-authority-fcda-718>.
"Federal Character Principle And Its Implication On Manpower Utilization: An Analysis Of Recruitment Exercise At The Federal Capital Development Authority (fcda).." ProjectStoc.com. 08, 2014. Accessed 08, 2014. https://projectstoc.com/read/2632/federal-character-principle-and-its-implication-on-manpower-utilization-an-analysis-of-recruitment-exercise-at-the-federal-capital-development-authority-fcda-718.

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