The Impact Of Political Violence On The Democratic Governance In Nigeria (a Case Study Of Lokoja Local Government Area, Kogi State)

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ABSTRACT 
Politics and election in normal democratic sense, is a way through which the electorate in any society appoint their leaders or representatives to exercise political power on their behalf. The purpose of this research is to critically examine and analyze political violence in Nigeria. The main objective of the study is to examine and find out the reasons for political violence in Nigeria politics, most especially during the electioneering campaigns and election days and the ways of ensuring that the issue is completely eradicated. Based on these objectives, the researcher adopted the use of both primary and secondary data collection to give a critical of the study. After a critical and thorough study and research on the subject matter the following findings were made, that political violence encourage mass rigging, that political violence cannot be a necessary tool in democratic governance etc. The research therefore recommended that any politician found guilty using political violence to win election must be punished accordingly. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS 
TITLE PAGE . . . . . . . . i
APPROVAL PAGE . . . . . . . ii
DEDICATION . . . . . . . . iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT . . . . . . iv
ABSTRACT . . . . . . . . . v

TABLE OF CONTENT . . . . . . . vi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY . . . . 1
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM . . . . 5
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY . . . . 7
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY . . . . 8
SCOPE OF THE STUDY . . . . . 8
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY . . . . 9
RESEARCH QUESTIONS . . . . . 11
DEFINITION OF RELEVANT TERMS . . . 11

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 
2.1 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK OF LITERATURE 
REVIEW . . . . . . . . 14
2.2 DEFINITION OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE . . . 20
2.3 TYPES OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE . . . . 22
2.4 CAUSES OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE . . . 25
2.5 EFFECTS OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE ON DEMOCRACY 28
2.6 ERADICATION OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE AS A TOOL FOR 
ELECTORAL SUCCESS . . . . . . 30
2.7 CHALLENGES OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN LOKOJA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA . . . . . . 31
2.8 APPRAISAL AND SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW 32

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN
3.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF LOKOJA LOCAL 
GOVERNMENT AREA . . . . . . 36
3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN . . . . . . 39
3.3 METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION . . . 40
3.4 SAMPLE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUES . . 40
3.5 METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION . . . . 41
3.6 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS . . . . 43

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 DATA PRESENTATION . . . . . 44
4.2 DATA ANALYSIS . . . . . . . 44
4.3 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS . . . . . 53

CHAPTER FIVE:  SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS . . . . . 54
5.2 CONCLUSION . . . . . . . 56
5.3 RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . . . 56
5.4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH 59
BIBLIOGRAPHY 
APPENDIX
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(2016, 07). The Impact Of Political Violence On The Democratic Governance In Nigeria (a Case Study Of Lokoja Local Government Area, Kogi State).. ProjectStoc.com. Retrieved 07, 2016, from https://projectstoc.com/read/7797/the-impact-of-political-violence-on-the-democratic-governance-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-lokoja-local-government-area-kogi-state-3295
"The Impact Of Political Violence On The Democratic Governance In Nigeria (a Case Study Of Lokoja Local Government Area, Kogi State)." ProjectStoc.com. 07 2016. 2016. 07 2016 <https://projectstoc.com/read/7797/the-impact-of-political-violence-on-the-democratic-governance-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-lokoja-local-government-area-kogi-state-3295>.
"The Impact Of Political Violence On The Democratic Governance In Nigeria (a Case Study Of Lokoja Local Government Area, Kogi State).." ProjectStoc.com. ProjectStoc.com, 07 2016. Web. 07 2016. <https://projectstoc.com/read/7797/the-impact-of-political-violence-on-the-democratic-governance-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-lokoja-local-government-area-kogi-state-3295>.
"The Impact Of Political Violence On The Democratic Governance In Nigeria (a Case Study Of Lokoja Local Government Area, Kogi State).." ProjectStoc.com. 07, 2016. Accessed 07, 2016. https://projectstoc.com/read/7797/the-impact-of-political-violence-on-the-democratic-governance-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-lokoja-local-government-area-kogi-state-3295.

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