A persisting tendency in African Drama has remained a careful evaluation and a critical analysis of the African society for the purpose of heralding the cultural virtues and attacking the vices prevalent in the African society for a general social transformation. Drama has been defined as the mimesis of life on stage before a given audience and a replication of the human society on stage. Therefore the purpose of this research is to highlight and discuss in details the sociological elements evident in African Drama. Having drawn analysis from Wole Soyinka’s The Beatification of Area Boy: A Lagosian Kaleidoscope and Olu Obafemi’s Scapegoats and Sacred Cows from the sociological theoretical framework, it is evident that the sensual entertainment evident in African Drama notwithstanding, its ultimate focus is to instruct the audience about the prevalent social realities in the society and inform a radical social transformation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Table of Content vi
Background to the Study 3
Purpose of Study 4
Scope of Study 5
Organization of Chapters 5
Biography of Wole Soyinka 6
Biography of Olu Obafemi 8
Drama and the African Experience 9
Sociology as a Theoretical Framework 13
Appraisal of The Beatification of Area Boy… 16
Scapegoats and Sacred Cows at a Glare 18
Synopsis of The Beatification of Area Boy… 21
Synopsis of Scapegoats and Sacred Cows 23
Sociological indices in the texts 26
Class Stratification 27
Moral Decadence 30
Proletarian Revolution 31
Religious Allusions and Concerns 31
Economic Mortality 32
Dramatic Elements in the texts 33
Use of Songs 36
Aristotle defines drama as the “mimesis of life on stage before a given audience” (Jide Balogun 2010, Lecture Notes on “Studies in Drama”). Shakespeare in his critical evaluation draws an analogy in his definition as he opines that “life is but a stage” (quoted by B.F. Ibrahim and Akande F.F 2000:37). By implication, life is a drama, and all humans are characters, taking actions from God’s ordained-plot structure of the universe. Fromthe literary and academic point of view, drama, which is one of the three genres of literature including prose and poetry, replicates the activities of man through the use of characterization, dialogue, costumes, etc.,presented on a stage in the presence of a given audience. Drama is an imitation of the real world because the characters in action only represent and imitate some preconceived personalities in the real world.
The concept of African Drama implies a type of drama nurtured and developed by Africans, using African’s aesthetics and features for the African audience and the world at large. TheAfrican experience of drama is traceable to the creationof man and other animate phenomena because drama is a replication of man’s daily activities with his fellow man, his immediate environment as well as the unseen world in terms of ritualistic performances. This experience has been extensively argued to have originated form Egypt, Greece and the ancestral worshipof African descents among other sources. Egypt, as the first source of African Drama rests on the notion of her being the origin of civilization coupled with the historical evidence of the Egyptian sacred drama celebration in 2000/BC. The Grecian evidence is associated with the worship of an ancient deity called Thespis. The classical celebration of the great medieval Judeo-Christian myth among others hasalso contributed to the growth and development of the contemporary African Drama.African dramatic practitioners structure their works after the tenets of Tragedy, Comedy, Tragic-comedy, Melodrama and Farce. However, the comic genre has been more closely associated to the African society as the tragic genre was associated with the classical age (JideBalogun 2009, Lecture “Notes on African Drama”).
Sociology, according to the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (6th edition), is the scientific study of the nature and development of the society and social behaviors. Over the years, literary scholars and social analysts have been investigating the society in order to expose the anomalies therein and inform social harmony and political stability among other issues. As time went by, sociology metamorphosed into an approach in the literary field through which writers and critics assess the society using social parameters.
Wole Soyinka’s The Beatification of Area Boy: A Lagosian Kaleidoscope and Olu Obafemi’s Scapegoats and Sacred Cowsare both African comic plays that critically investigate the Nigerian (African) society and attack the excesses of the military leadership of the country. Soyinka, in the playjuxtaposes the military strongholds at the helm of the country’s political affairs as the “area boys”, socialmiscreants,who constitute political nuisances and the masses as the “beatified area boys” who are symbols of emancipation struggling to resist the oppressive tendencies of the military dictators. On the other hand, Olu Obafemi in his play examines the relationship between these military cabals and the masses from the perspective of scapegoats and sacred cows. The military icons constitute the sect of the sacred cows while the masses bear the brunt of ‘scapegoatism’.
These drama pieces painstakingly probe into the social realities evident in the Nigerian society and the African continent at large. Therefore, the thrust of this essay is to identify and analyze some of the sociological indices of African Drama as exemplified in Wole Soyinka’s and Olu Obafemi’s The Beatification of Area Boy: A Lagosian Kaleidoscope and Olu Obafemi’s Scapegoats and Sacred cows.
Disclaimer: Note this academic material is intended as a guide for your academic research work. Do not copy word for word. Note: For Computer or Programming related works, some works might not contain source codes
CITE THIS WORK
(2014, 08). The Sociological Indices Of African Drama: A Study Of Wole Soyinka’s The Beatification Of Area Boy: A Lagosian Kaleidoscopeand Olu Obafemi’s Scapegoats And Sacred Cows.. ProjectStoc.com. Retrieved 08, 2014, from https://projectstoc.com/read/2794/the-sociological-indices-of-african-drama-a-study-of-wole-soyinka-rsquo-s-the-beatification-of-area-boy-a-lagosian-kaleidoscopeand-olu-obafemi-rsquo-s-scapegoats-and-sacred-cows-6583
"The Sociological Indices Of African Drama: A Study Of Wole Soyinka’s The Beatification Of Area Boy: A Lagosian Kaleidoscopeand Olu Obafemi’s Scapegoats And Sacred Cows." ProjectStoc.com. 08 2014. 2014. 08 2014 <https://projectstoc.com/read/2794/the-sociological-indices-of-african-drama-a-study-of-wole-soyinka-rsquo-s-the-beatification-of-area-boy-a-lagosian-kaleidoscopeand-olu-obafemi-rsquo-s-scapegoats-and-sacred-cows-6583>.
"The Sociological Indices Of African Drama: A Study Of Wole Soyinka’s The Beatification Of Area Boy: A Lagosian Kaleidoscopeand Olu Obafemi’s Scapegoats And Sacred Cows.." ProjectStoc.com. ProjectStoc.com, 08 2014. Web. 08 2014. <https://projectstoc.com/read/2794/the-sociological-indices-of-african-drama-a-study-of-wole-soyinka-rsquo-s-the-beatification-of-area-boy-a-lagosian-kaleidoscopeand-olu-obafemi-rsquo-s-scapegoats-and-sacred-cows-6583>.
"The Sociological Indices Of African Drama: A Study Of Wole Soyinka’s The Beatification Of Area Boy: A Lagosian Kaleidoscopeand Olu Obafemi’s Scapegoats And Sacred Cows.." ProjectStoc.com. 08, 2014. Accessed 08, 2014. https://projectstoc.com/read/2794/the-sociological-indices-of-african-drama-a-study-of-wole-soyinka-rsquo-s-the-beatification-of-area-boy-a-lagosian-kaleidoscopeand-olu-obafemi-rsquo-s-scapegoats-and-sacred-cows-6583.
- Related Works
- The Mythological Icons In Amos Tutuola The Palm-wine Drinkard
- Satire In Contemporary Nigerian Poetry: A Study Of Tayo Olafioye’s A Carnival Of Looters And Musa I. Okpanachi’s The Eaters Of The Living
- Syntactic And Lexico-semantic Analyses Of Selected Sms Text Messages Among The University Of Ilorin Students
- Comparative Analysis Of Emecheta’s Secondclass Citizen And Nwapa’s Efuru
- True And Fair View Concept
- Africanism: Theme, And Technique In Amos Tutuola’s The Palmwine Drinkard
- Language And Environment In Ayi Kwei Armah’s The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born
- Facts And Fiction In Akachi Adimora - Ezeigbo’s Chldren Of The Eagle And The Last Of The Strong Ones
- Folklore And The Quest For Re-invention A Study Of Wole Soyinka’s Death And The King’s Horseman And Hope Eghagha’s Death Not A Redeemer
- Religion And Morality In John Updike’s ‘a&p’ And Salman Rushdie’s ‘the Prophet’s Hair’.