Given the fact that communication is chiefly achieved through language, it is therefore important to study and account for how speakers encode their utterances and how meanings are decoded from the utterances during communication. This has made us to attempt a pragmatic analysis of President Goodluck Jonathan’s inaugural speech, Nigeria: Our Nation in Mourning, because of its socio-political importance with a view to accounting for how the president has encoded his utterances and how meanings are generated from the utterances in the speech. All the eight utterances in the transcribed text were analysed using pragmatic tools, which are speech acts, context, indexicals, implicature and relevance. This study has revealed to us the effects of cognition, social principles and context on the president’s utterances and showed the president as a careful user of words and a performer of many actions with few utterances. Therefore to succeed as a communicator, and indeed a politician, rests greatly on the way one is able to choose and arrange his words as well as considering other non-linguistic factors.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Table of Contents vi
1.0 Background to the Study and Statement of the Research Problem 1
1.1 Research Questions 2
1.2 Aims and Objectives of the Study 2
1.3 Scope of the Study 3
1.4 Justification of the Study 3
1.5 Research Method 4
1.6 Data Description 4
1.7 Conclusion 5
2.0 Introduction 6
2.1 History of Pragmatics 6
2.2 Definitions of Pragmatics 7
2.3 Theories of Pragmatics 8
2.3.1 Speech Acts Theory 8
220.127.116.11 J.L. Austin’s Contributions 9
18.104.22.168 Searle’s Contributions 11
2.3.2 Relevance Theory 13
2.4 Elements of Pragmatics 15
2.4.1 Implicature 15
2.4.2 Indexicals 18
2.4.3 Context 20
2.5 Conclusion 24
DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
3.0 Introduction 25
3.1 Data Analysis 25
3.2 Data Discussion 39
3.3 Conclusion 43
SUMMARY, FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION
4.0 Summary 44
4.1 Summary of Findings 45
4.2 Conclusion 46
Appendix I 51
Appendix II 54
There is no gainsaying the fact that the essence of language is communication. Many attempts have been made to describe what an effective communication is. One issue that runs through all the attempts is the area of meaning generation as a pivotal factor for an effective communication. Over the years, meaning generation has remained problematic because most of the approaches developed to explain how meaning is generated rely on the linguistic knowledge of the language users without looking at the extralinguistic factors, therefore making those approaches to be inadequate. It was against this backdrop that pragmatics emerged in order to account for how meaning is generated in a communicative act by considering both the linguistic and the non-linguistic factors.
The role of communication in governance cannot be overemphasised. This assertion supports the importance of delivering an inaugural speech on assumption of duty as an administrator. A presidential inaugural speech gives the president the first chance to use the official voice, which should indicate the direction of the new administration. Every utterance in such a speech communicates meaning.
It is therefore important to embark on a pragmatic analysis of President Goodluck Jonathan’s inaugural speech, titled, Nigeria: Our Nation in Mourning, looking at the tokens of utterances in the speech with a view to accounting for how meaning is generated from the speech.
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CITE THIS WORK
(2014, 09). A Pragmatic Analysis Of President Goodluck Jonathan’s Inaugural Speech, Nigeria: Our Nation In Mourning.. ProjectStoc.com. Retrieved 09, 2014, from https://projectstoc.com/read/3203/a-pragmatic-analysis-of-president-goodluck-jonathan-rsquo-s-inaugural-speech-nigeria-our-nation-in-mourning-2382
"A Pragmatic Analysis Of President Goodluck Jonathan’s Inaugural Speech, Nigeria: Our Nation In Mourning." ProjectStoc.com. 09 2014. 2014. 09 2014 <https://projectstoc.com/read/3203/a-pragmatic-analysis-of-president-goodluck-jonathan-rsquo-s-inaugural-speech-nigeria-our-nation-in-mourning-2382>.
"A Pragmatic Analysis Of President Goodluck Jonathan’s Inaugural Speech, Nigeria: Our Nation In Mourning.." ProjectStoc.com. ProjectStoc.com, 09 2014. Web. 09 2014. <https://projectstoc.com/read/3203/a-pragmatic-analysis-of-president-goodluck-jonathan-rsquo-s-inaugural-speech-nigeria-our-nation-in-mourning-2382>.
"A Pragmatic Analysis Of President Goodluck Jonathan’s Inaugural Speech, Nigeria: Our Nation In Mourning.." ProjectStoc.com. 09, 2014. Accessed 09, 2014. https://projectstoc.com/read/3203/a-pragmatic-analysis-of-president-goodluck-jonathan-rsquo-s-inaugural-speech-nigeria-our-nation-in-mourning-2382.
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